London Underground: World’s Oldest Underground Network
As an oldest Underground Network of the world, London Underground opened in 1863. The network was at the start, a way for carrying passengers and goods all across the London between 1863 and 1933.
The initial route bridged King’s Cross, Euston, and Paddington to the city center, but, its current network has expanded to eleven lines and catered 1.3 billion passengers in 2014/2015. In the beginning, what start as a close network fulfilling London’s intrinsic demand, these days it covers the Capital, along with Hertfordshire, Essex, and Buckinghamshire.
London Underground in History
The network snakes 253 miles beneath London, moving people regularly. Associating the colourful history, the Underground has witnessed one and a half century long bustle of the London.
It began as the 1st Underground Railway network of the world, that spread in 1868 and called the District Line, connecting South Kensington with Westminster. As the track stretched, numerous names got to the lines, connecting various areas. The first map of the tube was drafted by Harry Beck in 1933, which is still in use.
Back in 1940 during the second world war, it served as the air raid shelter. There were total 8 shelters, among which one is now open to the public as a war memorial.
Expansion in 1860’s
In 1869, construction started on the East London Railway and East London Line, connecting New Cross and Wapping. The Internal Circle opened fifteen years later, between the District lines and Metropolitan. The development of Central line and the Central London Railway took place in 1900, bridging Bank and Shepherd’s Bush.
In 1905, the Circle and District lines were shifted from steam to electricity and after one year, the Piccadilly line was built. In 1911, escalators were put in it by Earl’s Court, changing it into the primary station to introduce the construct. In 1924, the Northern Line was engineered to attach South London Railway and the City with the Hampstead Railway, Charing Cross, and Euston.
With more than a hundred and fifty years, the Underground still adds its share to beautify the London and allows many to reach their destinations comfortably. Wherever several cab companies these days offer rides to Heathrow Airport, Gatwick Airport etc. The Underground continues to enhance to supply the Londoners a rapid and convenient transportation service.